Biomechanical Foot Problems

Biomechanical Foot Problems

Foot problems can have many different forms; skin problems such as Athletes foot, verrucae`s and warts are generally fungus based. Visiting a chiropodist can help you get these disorders treat through the use of medicated soaps and general footwear advice. Other problems might be classed as biomechanical foot problems and require more in depth diagnosis by visiting a podiatrist for assessment.

What are biomechanical foot problems?

Biomechanical foot problems are a problem that is caused through the way in which a person's foot, ankle or lower leg works. Problems are caused through the way a person`s stance and gait is conducted or through the motion and flexibility of joints.

Podiatrist

Biomechanical foot problems will be diagnosed, assessed and treated by a podiatrist; they are practitioners that are trained to deal with problems of the lower limbs, feet and ankles. Podiatrists carry out what is known as a biomechanical assessment on the suspected foot disorder through a range of tests. They test the motion of the hip joint with the knee in a flexed position followed by motion of the ankle and big toe and an examination of the rear foot. They also look at posture and record a patients gait at various speeds on a treadmill to determine if attitudes in the gait are different from that of a normal walking posture. Tests can discover if there is any misalignment in any joints which could cause problems.

Flat Feet

One of the most common biomechanical foot problems is flat feet, this occurs during the walking process. Flat feet is when the arch of a person`s foot has collapsed upon weight bearing, it is common in people that are obese or pregnant but can happen to anyone in any walk of life it is also common in that naturally flexible flat feet. A flat foot can cause back pain, knee pain and hip pain resulting from the inner ankle moving closer to the floor. The collapsing of the foot can cause extreme inflammation and stress on the plantar fascia which can lead to a shortening of the leg and many other problems, other problems that can arise from flat feet are:

  • Heel spurs
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Post-tib tendonitis
  • Bunions
  • Metatarsalgia

Any of these problems resulting from flat feet can be extremely painful for the patient which is why treatment must be sought immediately.

Treatment

Treatment for flat feet and many other biomechanical problems is through the use of orthotics and general footwear advice. Advice is given and shoes that should be worn to help treat your problem, having the correct footwear can in many cases prevent foot disorders from occurring. Orthotics in the case of flat feet can be purchased over the counter in the form of specialist insoles which are designed to fit inside your shoes to support the arch and rear foot. More serious conditions can require custom made orthotics which is made through taking negatives form various angles and making casts of your feet to produce an orthoses that suit you specifically.