Foot Deformities

Foot Deformities

Foot deformities can arise in adulthood or be formed from birth; many problems and disorders can be helped and treated by visiting a podiatrist. Some foot deformities can be fairly common and others are rare; this article focuses on some of the better known problems.


Bunions affect many adults; they are caused mainly by improper use of footwear. A bunion is formed by the separation of the metatarsals connected to your big toe and second toe, this causes the ankle to widen and a bunion is formed on the inside of your foot. The forming of the bunion causes your big toe to turn inward towards the second toe. In cases where the bunion is causing pain surgery may be recommended to remove it. An operation is done to reduce the angle of the metatarsals by cutting the bones and returning them to the correct position, the bones are held in place temporally by screws.

Club foot

Club foot is a condition which is diagnosed upon the birth of a child. This foot deformity is where the foot is formed facing downward and in, the effects of club foot can be reversed with the use of casts designed to fit the foot specifically and made to influence the foot into the correct position.

Pes Cavous

Foot deformities known as Pes Cavous, is when the foot has an abnormally high arch, making it distinctly hollow when bearing any weight. Pes Cavous is generally hereditary or acquired and could be a neurological, orthopaedic or neuromuscular problem. The high arch can cause pain to the metatarsal through compression and can mean those with the condition cannot find suitable footwear. Treatment for this condition is through the use of specially designed shoes and orthotic insoles.

Hammer Toes

Hammer toes are one of the more common foot deformities; they are caused through imbalance of the finer muscles in the foot and the larger muscles. The imbalance causes the toes to buckle at the knuckle joint, this causes the toes to become bent and can lead to other problems such as corns and callouses. Treatment is applied through surgery by one of two ways, either fusing the knuckle joint using steel wire to stabilise the joint or through the excision of part of the knuckle joint.

Flat feet

Flat feet are the opposite to Pes Cavous, these kind of foot deformities arise when a person`s arch has collapsed due to no longer being able to bear weight. The collapsing of the arch causes the plantar fascia to become inflamed and stressed; this can lead to a host of other problems such as heel spurs, bunions or plantar fasciitis. It can also lead problems in the back, hip or knee. Treatment carried out by a podiatrist is non-surgical and involves specially designed orthotics in the form of insoles that can help ease the pressure on the foot. General advice on what kind of footwear should be worn to help the situation will also be provided.